Suppressor Legal Status by State

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Suppressor Laws by State

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Alabama

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Alabama Admin. Code § 220-2-.02(1)(e)

SquatchNotes:

Alaska

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Suppressors are a prohibited weapon under Alaska Stat. § 11-61-200(h), however, registration under the National Firearms Act is an affirmative defense (§11-61-200(c))

SquatchNotes:

Arizona

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Arizona Rev. Stat. § 13-3101(8)(a)(ii) prohibits suppressors, however, prohibition does not extend to firearms possessed in compliance with federal law. See also Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 17-251

SquatchNotes:

Arkansas

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Arkansas Code R. § 5-73-104; House Bill 1488 / Act 720 (2015)

SquatchNotes:

California

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

California Penal Code § 33410-15. Only Class 3 & Class 2 manufacturers may possess a suppressor in California

SquatchNotes:

The California Senate Public Safety Committee has held hearings on the subject as recently as 2018, but no legislative efforts have come near to restoring Californian's rights. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue legislation in California and "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

Colorado

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Colorado Rev. Stat. §18-12-102 prohibits suppressors, however, provides that a "valid permit and license for possession" of a suppressor is an affirmative defense

SquatchNotes:

Connecticut

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Connecticut Gen. Stat. § 53a-211 prohibits silencers, except when permitted under federal law. See also Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 26-75, which regards hunting

SquatchNotes:

State Rep. Doug Dubitsky in January introduced H.B. 5522 "to authorize hunters to use firearms fitted with sound suppressors", but unfortunately the legislation has not moved forward since then. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue this legislation in Connecticut and in "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

Delaware

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Delaware Code Ann. tit. 11 § 1444, Del. Code Ann. tit. 7, § 710

SquatchNotes:

The American Suppressor Association pursues "legislation in every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting." There is no active legislation in Delaware at this time, however.

Florida

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Florida Stat. § 790.001 defines suppressors as firearms, however, the law is otherwise silent. See also Florida Admin. Code r. 68A-12.002(3)(b) which regards hunting

SquatchNotes:

Georgia

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Georgia Code Ann. §§ 16-11-122 and 16-11-124 prohibit suppressors, however, this prohibition does not apply to persons authorized by registration “in accordance with the dictates of the National Firearms Act.” See also Georgia Code Ann. § 27-3-4(9), which regards hunting

SquatchNotes:

Hawaii

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Hawaii. Rev Stat. § 134-8 and § 134-11. Exceptions are made for federal and state law enforcement officers and other officials. See Hawaii Rev. Stat. Ann. 134-8(a), which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

The American Suppressor Association pursues "legislation in every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting." There is no active legislation in Hawaii at this time, however.

Idaho

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

Illinois

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

720 ILCS 5/24-1(a)(6). See also 520 ILCS 5/2.33(s)., which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

The past few years have seen strong bipartisan support in Illinois for suppressor legalization. In 2016, for example, pro-suppressor legislation passed the Democratic-controlled Illinois House of Representatives.

Illinois H.B. 1891, introduced this spring, could legalize silencers in Illinois, making it the 43rd state to allow silencers. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue this legislation and "legislation in every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

Indiana

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Indiana Code Ann. § 14-22-6-11 contains relevant hunting regulations. See also House Bill 1563 (2013)

SquatchNotes:

Iowa

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Iowa Code §§ 724.1-724.3

SquatchNotes:

Kansas

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Kansas Stat. Ann. § 21-6301 prohibits suppressors, however this prohibition “shall not apply to or affect any person or entity in compliance with the national firearms act." See also Kansas Stat. Ann. §32-1002 and SB 152-2011, which regard hunting

SquatchNotes:

Kentucky

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

Louisiana

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Louisiana Rev. Stat. Ann. §40:1781 defines suppressors, and §14:94 establishes an enhanced penalty for use in connection with a crime. See also Louisiana Rev. Stat. § 56:116.6 and HB 186/SB 212 (2014), which regard hunting

SquatchNotes:

Maine

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Signed into law in 2021, LD 635 (SP 249) repeals previous requirements for obtaining a permit before hunting with a suppressor

SquatchNotes:

Maryland

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Maryland Code Ann. § 5-621 establishes an enhanced penalty for use in drug trafficking crime.

SquatchNotes:

Massachusetts

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Massachusetts Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 269, § 10A. Class 3 & Class 2 manufacturers are permitted to possess a suppressor

SquatchNotes:

Massachusetts H.D. 3853, introduced in the spring of 2021, would legalize suppressor ownership. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue legislation in Massachusetts and "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

Michigan

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Michigan Comp. Laws § 750.224 carries a prohibition, however, this does not apply to “A person licensed by the secretary of the treasury of the United States or the secretary's delegate.”

SquatchNotes:

Minnesota

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Minnesota Stat. Ann. § 609.66 Subd. 1a; SF 878 (2015)

SquatchNotes:

Mississippi

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Mississippi Code Ann. § 97-37-31 makes ownership legal for any person “duly authorized under federal law.” The law is silent with regard to hunting

SquatchNotes:

Missouri

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Missouri Rev. Stat. § 571.020 makes it illegal to possess a suppressor “in violation of federal law.” The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Montana

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Montana Code Ann. § 45-8-337 makes it illegal to possess “a silencer that is not registered under federal law.” See also Mont. Code Ann. § 87-6-401(1)(c)., which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Nebraska

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

Nevada

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Nevada Rev. Stat. § 202.350 bans suppressors “unless authorized by federal law.” The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

New Hampshire

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

See SquatchNote

Hunting Non-Game Status:

See SquatchNote

Relevant Laws:

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207:4(1) outlaws hunting with a suppressor, but persons issued a depredation permit by the Executive Director of Fish and Game may use one.

SquatchNotes:

Hunting with a suppressor requires a permit from the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department

New Jersey

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

New Jersey Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-3(c) prohibits the possession of suppressors; N.J. Stat. Ann. § 23:4-13 bans hunting with suppressors.

SquatchNotes:

The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue legislation in New Jersey and "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

New Mexico

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

New York

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

New York Penal Law § 265.02(2) bans suppressors. N.Y. Env. Law § 11-0931 bans the use of suppressors while hunting, except for law enforcement officers performing their official duties.

SquatchNotes:

State Sen. Robert Ortt introduced in January a bill removing prohibitions on silencers in the state, but the bill has not come to a vote. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue this legislation in New York and legislation in "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

North Carolina

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

North Carolina Gen. Stat. § 14-288.8(c)(3) makes it legal to own or possess a suppressor if “in compliance with 26 U.S.C. Chapter 53, §§ 5801-5871.” See also North Carolina Gen. Stat §113-291.1(c), which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

North Dakota

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

North Dakota Cent. Code § 62.1-05-01. makes it illegal for person to possess suppressor “unless that person has complied with the National Firearms Act.” See also N.D. Cent. Code § 20.1-01-36, which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Ohio

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2923.17(C)(5) makes it illegal to possess a suppressor unless “registered in the national firearms registration and transfer record...” See also Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 1533.04, which regards hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Oklahoma

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Oklahoma Stat. tit. 29, § 5-201(A)(5) concerns the use of suppressors while hunting. The law is otherwise silent.

SquatchNotes:

Oregon

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Oregon Rev. Stat. §166.272 makes silencers illegal, unless they are “registered as required under federal law.” The law is otherwise silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Pennsylvania

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

18 Pennsylvania Cons. Stat. § 908 makes it illegal to possess a “firearm specially made or specially adapted for concealment or silent discharge,” but it is a valid defense to show that you “complied with the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. § 5801 et seq.)”. The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Rhode Island

Legal Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Rhode Island Gen. Laws § 11-47-20 concerns both the possession of silencers and their use while hunting.

SquatchNotes:

A bipartisan group of six Rhode Island state senators (four Democrats and two Republicans) introduced S.0517, which would legalize silencers. The bill is still in committee. The American Suppressor Association continues to pursue this legislation in Rhode Island and in "every state that does not currently allow for suppressor ownership or their use while hunting."

South Carolina

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

South Dakota

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

South Dakota Codified Laws § 22-14-6 makes suppressors legal if the owner “Has a valid state or federal license issued pursuant to law for such weapon or has registered such weapon with the proper state or federal authority pursuant to law." The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Tennessee

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Tennessee Code Ann. § 39-17-1302 is now silent, given S.B. 921 (2017). The law is silent with regard to hunting. See also the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency website.

SquatchNotes:

Texas

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Texas Penal Code Ann. § 46.05 prohibits Suppressor except when possessed in compliance with federal law. (Pending legislation could change this status quo). The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

Utah

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

Vermont

Legal Status:

See SquatchNote

Hunting Game Status:

Not Legal Yet, See SquatchNote

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Not Legal

Relevant Laws:

Vermont Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4010

SquatchNotes:

Currently using a suppressor is only legal At "shooting sports range". On May 12th, 2022 Vermont Legislature passed a bill to legalize hunting with a suppressor. If the Vermont Governor signs the bill, it will go into effect on July 1st, 2022

Virginia

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Virginia law is silent (since SB 1383 in 2009).

SquatchNotes:

Recent attempts to ban suppressors in Virginia have been narrowly averted.

Washington

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Washington Rev. Code §§ 9.41.250; 9.41.251 makes suppressors legal if “registered and possessed in accordance with federal law.” The law is silent with regard to hunting.

SquatchNotes:

West Virginia

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

None

SquatchNotes:

Wisconsin

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Wisconsin Stat. § 941.298 states that possessing a suppressor is legal for “[a]ny person who has complied with the licensing and registration requirements under 26 USC 5801 to 5872.” The law is silent with respect to hunting with suppressors.

SquatchNotes:

Wyoming

Legal Status:

Legal

Hunting Game Status:

Legal

Hunting Non-Game Status:

Legal

Relevant Laws:

Wyoming Stat. Ann. § 23-3-112 addresses the use of silencers for hunting

SquatchNotes:

*Some data provided by silencershop.com